# Chapter 12: Electricity and Circuits

Science

Chapter 12: Electricity and Circuits

Class: VI

Exemplar Solutions

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1

Choose from the options a, b, c and d given in Fig. 12.1 the figure which shows the correct direction of current.

Fig.12.1

(b)

Question 2

Choose the incorrect statement.

(a) A switch is the source of electric current in a circuit.

(b) A switch help to complete or break the circuit.

(c) A switch helps us to use electricity as per our requirement.

(d) When the switch is open there is an air gap between its terminals.

(a)

Question 3

In an electric bulb, light is produced due to the glowing of

(a) the glass case of the bulb.

(b) the thin filament.

(c) the thick wires supporting the filament.

(d) gases inside glass case of the bulb.

(b)

Question 4

In the following arrangement shown in Fig. 12.2, the bulb will not glow if the ends A and B are connected with

Fig.12.2

(a) A steel spoon

(b) A metal clip

(c) A plastic clip

(d) A copper wire

(c)

Question 5

In the circuit shown in Fig. 12.3, when the switch is moved to ‘ON’ position,

Fig.12.3

(a) the bulb A will glow first.

(b) the bulb B will glow first.

(c) the bulb C will glow first.

(d) all bulbs will glow together.

(d)

Question 6

Filament of a torch bulb is

(a) a metal case.

(b) metal tip at the centre of the base.

(c) two thick wires.

(d) a thin wire.

(d)

Question 7

Paheli is running short of connecting wires. To complete an electric circuit, she may use a

(a) glass bangle.

(c) rubber pipe.

(d) steel spoon.

(d)

Question 8

In which of the following circuits A, B and C given in Fig. 12.4, the cell will be used up very rapidly?

Fig.12.4

In circuit A the cell will get used up rapidly.

Question 9

Fig. 12.5 shows a bulb with its different parts marked as 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Which of them label the terminals of the bulb?

Fig.12.5

Labels 3 and 4 mark the terminals of the bulb.

Question 10

You are provided with a bulb, a cell, a switch and some connecting wires. Draw a diagram to show the connections between them to make the bulb glow.

Question 11

Will the bulb glow in the circuit shown in Fig. 12.6? Explain.

Fig.12.6

No the bulb will not glow in this circuit because the switch is open and the circuit is incomplete.

Question 12

An electric bulb is connected to a cell through a switch as shown in Fig. 12.7. When the switch is brought in ‘ON’ position, the bulb does not glow. What could be the possible reason/s for it? Mention any two of them.

Fig.12.7

The following could be the possible reasons:

(i)  the bulb is fused.

(ii)  the cell is a used one.

(iii)  break in connecting wire.

(iv)  loose connection.

Question 13

A torch requires 3 cells. Show the arrangement of the cells, with a diagram, inside the torch so that the bulb glows.

Question 14

When the chemicals in the electric cell are used up, the electric cell stops producing electricity. The electric cell is then replaced with a new one. In case of rechargeable batteries (such as the type used in mobile phones, camera and inverters), they are used again and again. How?

Rechargeable batteries can be recharged by providing them appropriate current.

Question 15

Paheli connected two bulbs to a cell as shown in Fig. 12.8.

Fig.12.8

She found that filament of bulb B is broken. Will the bulb A glow in this circuit? Give reason.

No, Bulb A will not glow as the circuit will become incomplete.

Question 16

Why do bulbs have two terminals?

Bulb has two terminals to connect the filament with the circuit so that the current can pass through it.

Question 17

Which of the following arrangement A, B, C and D given in Fig. 12.9 should not be set up? Explain, why.

Fig.12.9

Arrangement A is not desirable and should not be set up. This will exhaust the cell very quickly.

Question 18

A fused bulb does not glow. Why?

In a fused bulb the filament is broken and thus making the circuit incomplete.

Question 19

Paheli wanted to glow a torch bulb using a cell. She could not get connecting wires, instead, she got two strips of aluminum foil. Will she succeed? Explain, how?

Yes. Aluminum foils can act as connecting wires.

Question 20

Boojho has a cell and a single piece of connecting wire. Without cutting the wire in two, will he be able to make the bulb glow? Explain with the help of a circuit diagram.

Yes, using the arrangement given below he can succeed in getting the bulb glow.

Question 21

Fig. 12.10 A and B, show a bulb connected to a cell in two different ways.

(a)

(b)

Fig.12.10

(i) What will be the direction of the current through the bulb in both the cases. (Q to P or P to Q)

(ii) Will the bulb glow in both the cases?

(iii) Does the brightness of the glowing bulb depend on the direction of current through it?

(i)  In Fig. (a) Q to P

In Fig. (b) P to Q

(ii) Yes

(iii) No

Question 22

Think of six activities which use electric current. Also name the devices used to perform the activity.

Activity you    perform Device

Example :  Get light  Torch

___________  --------------

___________  --------------

___________  --------------

___________  --------------

___________  --------------

Activity you  perform Device

Get light  Torch

Heat water  Geyser/immersion rod

Make toast  Toaster

Cook food  Heater/microwave

Question 23

A torch is not functioning, though contact points in the torch are in working condition. What can be the possible reasons for this? Mention any three.

The possible reason could be

(i)  the bulb may be fused.

(ii)  the cells may have been used up.

(iii) the cells are not placed in the correct order.

(iv) the switch is faulty.

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